Abstract: Before the need for a “redefinition” of the fundamental structures of anthropological discourse, beyond the excesses of modernity and post-modernity, the contribution of Edith Stein to the current debate shows up and offers itself as inversely proportional to the overestimation of other paths, contemporary and rear to her reflection. Being the core of the reflections of Edith Stein concentrated on the determination of “personal ego”, understood as the center of the human person, so it is an “ego” that feels, thinks and wills, makes the experience of self and others, and intersubjectively communally, this study aims to understand the uniqueness and the correlation of the categories of “personal ego” of empathy and community, made the theme by Edith Stein, in order to clarify and understand the human totality.
Abstract: Archibald Alison (Edinburgh, 1757-1839) adds a philosophical research to his ecclesiastical career, and in 1790 publishes a work which strikingly anticipates contemporary aesthetics, since it is founded on the notions of expression and emotion, which work together with the notions of imagination and association.
Abstract: The works of Kandinsky and Malevich certainly represent some of the most radical attempts to redefine the essence and purpose of art, as part of the movement of cultural renewal that explodes in the first decades of the twentieth century. An attempt that has the virtue of having opened the path looking for that unheard and inaudible voice of art: that of its own inner sound, of its ‘invisible dimension’, as opposed to the alleged objectivity of the external world. That is why this effort can be read as an emblematic idea of a critique of modernity from the perspective of art. Not in vain has such a voice been a reference for many of the avant-garde movements of the twentieth century, although sometimes as a reaction to it, in an endless movement of construction and re-discussion of a new language and a new meaning for modern art.
Abstract: Every time the presidential election process begins, a question keeps troubling both scholars and citizens. «Does the best man go to the White House?». This essay obviously does not pretend to answer. It wants instead to offer a different point of analysis in order to fuel the debate. It’s not simple for an European citizen understand what is really happening. The way the American elections are conducted and presented has nothing to do with the European democratic involvement and television landscape. So, to try to understand what happens overseas this essay looks up to the movies that focus on the electoral competition. In fact, movies are more than a simple reflection of the citizens’ opinion. They also take part in the its formation and, so, they show those images which they have partly created themselves.
Abstract: Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, connected with human existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, morality, science and language. Philosophy is the critical examination of the grounds for fundamental beliefs and an analysis of the basic concepts employed in the expression of such beliefs. Philosophical problems characterize human life and human history: philosophical inquiry is a central element in the intellectual history of many historical civilizations. Philosophical theories are answers related to our philosophical problems. In this horizon, it is very important to analyze the semantic connection between “history of philosophy” and “philosophy of science”, which is a branch of philosophy concerned with the foundations, methods and implications of science and “scientific theories”.
Abstract: Through a comparative analysis of M. Night Shyamalan’s The Village (2004) and Y. Lanthimos’ Kynodontas (2009), this paper aims at highlighting unexpected multiple occurrences of an atypical emotional pattern: in both films, overprotective family bonds result in a totalitarian manipulation of reality, which involves a radical reshaping of knowledge and experience. The analysis focuses particularly on the biopolitical use of language, i.e. on the ‘microphysics of power’ affecting the relationships between the characters.
Abstract: While there is no doubt that English as a lingua franca fosters international exchange among scholars, the implications of its monopoly and of the marginalization of other languages are still to be discussed. In the following I will sketch out how a progressive “monolingualization” in certain areas could affect academic activity and research in general, though I will focus on the humanities and philosophy.
Abstract: This article focuses in presenting Miguel de Unamuno’s concept of the consciousness, one of the main cornerstone of Unamuno’s philosophical thought. In the unpublished Filosofía lógica (written in 1886), his philosophical first effort, Unamuno proposed a definition of consciousness which can be understood as the core of what would later become the existential primacy of consciousness.
Abstract: The article proposes a descriptive reading about subjectivity in Karl Löwith, from his first work (Das Individuum in der Rolle des Mitmenschen, 1928) to the last naturalisc essays. The starting point is the criticism of the metaphysical and idealistic subjectivism in order to reconstruct an authentic idea of the subject as “relationship”, i.e. an ontological union of “I – you – history – nature”. We also focus on the points of tangency between the thought of Nishida Kitarō and Löwith’s philosophy of relationship.