Abstract: The present study analyzes whether and how the key motives (loneliness, isolation) of the literary work of the Aragonese writer Javier Tomeo (1932 – 2013) change over the years. As a reference-time we will take, on one hand, the decade of the eighties (time of the late Transición, in which El cazador de leones, 1987, was written) and, on the other hand, the first five years of the 21st century (period when La mirada de la muñeca hinchable, 2003, was created). Our purpose resides in: a) verifying the presence –in the two novels chosen– of the habitual psychological conflicts that threaten the socially atomized “tomean human being”; b) judging how the characters in the two texts develop forms of encounter with the Other that pass to through a “filtered interaction”. We will try to analyze how the nature of the filter changes: it can be represented either by technology (a telephone set in the case of the anti-hero in El cazador de leones), or by living with an inanimate object (a doll, in the case of the protagonist of La mirada de la muñeca hinchable).
Abstract: The study aims to offer a contribution to a widening of the studies on Stefanini and to the understanding of his personalism, starting from a reconstruction of his aesthetic proposal. In fact, the author dedicated a considerable part of his production to this theme, including books and lecture notes, dealing with a large number of themes, each of which constitutes at the same time an access point to and part of an impressive constellation. This contribution proposes a synthesis of this compound starting from a lecture from the courses held in 1945-46. The result is twenty-eight themes grouped into fourteen major areas: form, singular expression, knowledge, feeling, absolute expression, creation, imitation, beauty, speech, content, criticism, technique, the unconditioned, metaphysics. The conclusions present some possible developments in the ethical field, and ask, in particular, what a word and an expression communicate when they become absolute and, also, what this absoluteness entails with respect to the relationship with the other.
Abstract: The figure of the limit in Kant has assumed particular importance, not only for the function it performs within the Critique of pure reason system but, above all, for the speculative implications that this concept has exercised on Kant’s contemporaries precisely because of its ambiguity. The threshold on which Kantian philosophy stops, because of its unresolved dualism, has made it possible to overcome it. Questioning the function of the limit in the internal coherences that this work would like to highlight, means understanding the implications and repercussions that it has in the very framework of criticism and, at the same time, in the constitution of the Kantian subjectivity.
Abstract: The essay looks to analyse a relevant aspect of Ricoeur’s thought in the elaboration of his philosophy and in the determination of a radically human responsibility: the conatus that the philosopher openly takes from the Ethics of Spinoza. In particular, Ricoeur included the ethics of Spinoza in its hermeneutical phenomenology through a dialogue on the ethical and ontological implications of the action of the subject, especially the ethical subject in its vital dynamism, in relation to different forms of the other.
Abstract: The construction of identity is a singular phenomenon, in which the essential problematic character of the human person emerges promptly. The human subject, in fact, manifests himself in every hermeneutic and planning effort as the one who constantly crosses and goes beyond any given definition of himself. The original dimension of being someone, as long as it remains current, presupposes an intrinsic dynamism that allows the individual to give an answer, always and only penultimate, to the original question: “who am I?” In this article we will try to clarify how the need to think about the experience of subjectivity is being re-proposed for contemporary philosophical anthropology today, especially at the root of the socio-anthropological changes related to technological implementation. We will therefore analyze the essential features of the hermeneutic paradigm of “Post-Culture” proposed by George Steiner, acknowledging in this interpretative theory of our time, not only a critical reading of the present, but rather a valid philosophical thesis for framing culture as a shared original question. For Steiner, to date, identity, on an ethic and hermeneutic level, can be traced back to the sphere of the shared original question, only if it is declined in technical-economic sense, to be introjected in this way – and only in this way – in each individual identity process. “Post-Culture”, then, indicates a mutation, or, an outcome of Western Culture, in which the subject and the product are intersected and merged, on a practical and theoretical level. We will then consider the problem of identity, starting from a phenomenological and theoretical reading of the digital transformation. This hermeneutic effort will allow us to specify the terms of the problem, therefore, to develop an anthropological-philosophical synthesis that represents the first prerequisite for a serious and in-depth political-cultural evaluation.
Abstract: this paper deals with my approach to the Personalism, a philosophical tradition that in Italy had a particular political dimension. I underline as Antonio Rosmini founded a “liberal Personalism.” Rosmini’s philosophy of person is a philosophy of freedom with deep metaphysical, ethical and political connections. In his thought it is central the definition of human person as “subsistent right and very essence of right.” Rosmini’s view of “person”, seen as an inviolable end which can never be reduced to the status of “means”, leads spontaneously to what today is seen as paramount in human existence, that is, the question of human rights. In this paper, I underline the reasons for the actuality of this philosophy based on the concepts of person and liberty: in particular, I put in evidence as the Italian philosopher of the 20th century – Augusto Del Noce (1910-1989) – elaborated the fundamental ideas of Rosmini on the ontological dignity of the human being, and gave an original interpretation of the modern secular age. Departing from Rosmini he criticized the totalitarianism and he proposed a political liberalism founded on the respect of the constitutive liberties of person. In the last part of this paper I analyze the problems of multiculturalism and ethical relativism: in the dignity of the human being we can find an “overlapping consensus”.