Abstract: This essay aims at investigating the concept of doulopolis, since it seems to be contradictory: ancient attestations (mainly proverbs) declare it is not possible that a city of slaves really exists but, along with this, they also attest some occurrences of cities inhabited only by slaves. Importance will be paid to Aristotle’s thought (often neglected on doulopolis by scientific literature), since a polis is not only a settlement of people but a community that aspires to be happy (eudaimon). As a result, in this axiological view of what a polis is, a city of slaves would not be a real city and a real doulopolis does not exist as polis but only as an agglomerate.
Abstract: On the basis of the definition of Dialectic given by Aristotle in Topics I, 1, endoxality turns out to be a problem that must be placed at the center of attention by scholars.
Through a survey of the characterizations of the endoxa given in the books I and VIII of the Topics and of the use of the endoxic propositions in the Aristotle’s political works, I would like to show that, according to Aristotle, political endoxa are not to be considered exclusively as “thought shared by the majority of the population”, but also as “opinion of the man of value” (the spoudaios or the phronimos), which constitutes the canon for the political choice and action, and therefore the most reliable source of judgments truthful.
This characterization of endoxality in Aristotelian philosophy is what allows us to understand the difference between the endoxa of Aristotle and the Platonic evaluation of simple political doxai.