Abstract: The main aim of this paper is to outline a detailed picture of conceptual elements that brought Axel Honneth to formulate his theory of recognition. The starting point of the Honnethian philosophy is a renewal of the Frankfurt critical theory, by means of comparison with Marx and Habermas. Questioning about the categories of social work and communicative act, Honneth came to the paradigm of identification: it is considered as a moral struggle, which is fought for the mutual respect among individuals. In this new schema introduced by Honneth, struggle and progress are two positive elements used as motor for a social emancipation on dialectic basis. The outcome is the new course of the historical materialism based on a theory of the intersubjectivity, which is developed from the normative struggle.