Ironia, antagonismo sociale, mostri poetici: tre aspetti del plurisemiotismo di Vico

This entry is part 9 of 23 in the series Vol 3-2018

Abstract: The article proposes an analysis of plurilingualism which combines New Science’s original theory of the three languages contemporary origin and the conception of the first form of political antagonism between “patres”, the first political and religious leader and “famoli”, their servants – tha last one as well an important theoretical achievement in Vico’s thought. The two issues are kept apart in the Scienza nuova reflection and we argue that linking them together allows a deeper understanding of the common origin and functional interaction of the three linguistic forms during all human evolution. We present our argument in four steps: we first focus on political antagonism in the origin of human societies, then explore the role of laugh, irony and derision in Vico’s work and especially in the conflictual context of the “famoli”’s fights against “patres”, in the third part we deal with Vico’s concept of “mostri poetici”, poetic monsters, and with the category of monster as negative stigma which the “patres” directed against the “famoli” within a condition of political antagonism. In the last part we try to use Vico’s concept of monstruosity questioning the notion of selfreflectivity in the Scienza nuova.

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