Abstract: in recent years several studies have investigated the use of the technical language of specific fields in the poems of the Cancionero de Baena, but little progress has been made in the study of the technical language of philosophy and theology in this anthology. The Cancionero de Baena contains a great number of erudite compositions in which complex questions of scholastic philosophy are discussed. In this work I will examine the use made in some poems of terms and concepts of the philosophical tradition, which often make it difficult to understand the meaning of the texts themselves. In particular, I will focus on the specific meanings with which two terms, fortuna and ventura, are used in a small group of poems that debate on the subject of predestination and free will.
Abstract: Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, connected with human existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, morality, science and language. Philosophy is the critical examination of the grounds for fundamental beliefs and an analysis of the basic concepts employed in the expression of such beliefs. Philosophical problems characterize human life and human history: philosophical inquiry is a central element in the intellectual history of many historical civilizations. Philosophical theories are answers related to our philosophical problems. In this horizon, it is very important to analyze the semantic connection between “history of philosophy” and “philosophy of science”, which is a branch of philosophy concerned with the foundations, methods and implications of science and “scientific theories”.