Evoluzionismo e storicismo nelle scienze sociali: l’intenzionalità dell’azione umana contro il postulato di razionalità

This entry is part 19 of 26 in the series Vol 6-2021

Abstract: this essay aims to describe the difference between intentional action and rational action, in order to criticize the Misesian postulate of economic rationality identifiable with the metaphor of homo oeconomicus. In his intellectual production, Karl Popper exposed the conjectures and confutations theory to build a solid scientific approach to the study of human actions, resorting to the Darwinian evolutionary theory, underlining its limits and its possible compensation with the Lamarckian one. He reached the conclusion that the rationality of human conduct is never total, approaching (unconsciously) much more the Weberian canons than those of the Austrian school of economics.

View full Article in PDF

Giustizia e libertà nel dibattito tra Rudolf Carnap e Karl Popper

This entry is part 13 of 33 in the series Vol 2-2017

Abstract: This paper explores some aspects of Carnap’s and Popper’s intellectual relationship focusing on Carnap’s appreciation of Popper’s critique of historicism which the Austrian philosopher developed in several contributions. The article also presents Carnap’s questioning about the Popper’s political and economic orientation suggesting that tha latter could implies a critical form of socialist society which firmly distanciate on the one end from radical forms of capitalism on the other and from the religious trust in socialism.

View full Article in PDF