Abstract: In the world of sport, for each competitive athlete, the path to go beyond the threshold that states if you are part of the sport excellence, consists basically of a constant work on your own limits. These are essentially classified as physical, technical, tactical and mental limits. By focusing the attention on the mental limits, first of all, is essential to highlight how is important to work on them by applying appropriate methods. In the present work are examined the characteristics of a method developed in order to be basically used in the sports where are involved teams, but adaptable to individual sports too. The aim is to work on the resilience, which can be defined as the ability to resist, to recover and to come out from adversity by being stronger, with more resources.The results obtained during the first four years of application of this method (from October 2014 to October 2018), which have involved athletes aged between 15 and 47 years old, have particularly highlighted the effectiveness in the development of resilience and, consequently, its usefulness in favoring athletes in their way towards overcoming the threshold of the sporting excellence.
Abstract: This essay is an introduction to Der Tunnel by the Swiss author Friedrich Dürrenmatt, first published in 1952 and revised in 1978. Several interpretations are offered: a theological one ‒ the most recurrent in critical studies – reads the sad fate of the protagonist (i.e. of all humanity) as the will of a punitive God; a sociological one, influenced by the intuitions of hermeneutics, is intertwined with a historical and cultural reading, which sees the story as a reflection of the difficulties of the Cold War and of Dürrenmatt’s tormented relationship with his homeland. Most of all, Der Tunnel is the story of a writer’s struggle between the respect for literary tradition and his own creative force, which will later lead him to rewrite his own rules of art.
Abstract: The present paper deals with the concept of threshold as represented in two different plays staged in 1903 in Dublin, namely W.B. Yeats’s The King’s Threshold and J.M. Synge’s In the Shadow of the Glen. In both cases the playwright intended a physical threshold as a symbolic element. Yeats’s is a mythical play while Synge’s is a realistic farce. While the former is meant to identify the struggle for a noble ideal ‒ the social role of poetry in contemporary society ‒ the latter contests the traditional values of Irish rural society. The thresholds of a noble palace and of a rural cottage are two different metaphors identifying the importance of opposition to social and cultural values.
Abstract: This essay will examine Macdara Woods’s poetic thinking about the «threshold» – which may be interpreted as the limit point of one identity, be that literary, political, or ideological – closely linked to Woods’s journey to Italy. For most, a frontier, or a border, is a point of closure and separation between selfhood and alterity, but in Woods’s aesthetic thinking it becomes a point in a whole structure wherein different identities can interact and interinanimate creating more permeable structures of identity. Instead of being a restrictive place, the threshold becomes a creative space in his poetized structures of thinking. Ireland thus becomes a “state of mind” which will allow Woods’s ideological and cultural positions to interact, intersect and enter some form of dialogue with each other.
Abstract: This study intends to deal with the work of Raymond Roussel in the light of the studies of Michel Foucault. Among the main themes, we define the concept of the labyrinth linked to that of interpretation in order to understand how Roussel constantly seeks a plural truth. Secondly, we tried to define the role of language as a founding threshold between the simulacrum and reality; the reference to thresholds that are always cyclical, indicates that true and false are mobile categories and the language has the task of digging both in depth and horizontally along the surface of things.
Abstract: How many possibilities we have to say the truth about the physical reality? I think that it is one of the most interesting questions in the XXI century. Scientists use words like ‘possible worlds’, ‘parallel universes’ and ‘multiverse’. The threshold of knowledge in physical sciences seems to go to a new statute: the probable, like a border which not divide the absolute truth by the contingency of reality, but represent the interlude between the mathematical and geometrical world and factual truth. This idea was addressed in the philosophy of XVII century. We can found in Leibniz’s thoughts a particular vision about the Truth. He formulated the famous distinction between Truths of Reason and Truth of Fact. The first are eternal elements and they are caused by themselves, they are characterized by absolute necessity. The elements of factual reality are corruptible and prone to changes, they are characterized by hypothetical necessity. The only way to say the truth in factual reality is to deplete all of substance attributes, but it is impossible. The mathematic and geometric application on reality is not enough for a perfect knowledge of human and physical events. I think that in the Leibniz’s philosophy we can stipulate a threshold of Probable that represents the current touch point between the mathematical truth and the limit of empirical observations.
Abstract: The paper aims to investigate the Italian noun “soglia” (threshold). The history and evolution and the conceptual meaning of the term is examined through time, with examples linked to the term itself and to other words – as limit and boundary – with Latin and Tonic Greek etymology, related to the noun itself. Some affine locutions are also discussed. The salient ambiguous aspects of the etymological roots and of the constructs are identified. The noun Soglia, as a concept, adapts its meaning, according to any thematic contexts in which it is used. It does not allow itself to be framed or exhausted by philosophical, historical, literary, astronomical, scientific or mathematical topic. It may refer to multiple subjects but cannot be considered in any univocal meaning, neither simply as a boundary that closes, nor as a threshold, that opens. Some contents, derived from contemporary physics, leads the author to propose a semantic affinity between psychological and physical meaning of soglia, and mentalizes the noun itself, also referring to G. Leopardi’s thought.
Abstract: This article explores the philosophical meaning of «limen» in relation to the horizon of a «phenomenology of limit». The first part of this paper, from section 1 (L’essere dell’uomo come un «essere nel limite») to section 3 (Il limite come «soglia»), examines the meanings of «threshold» in connection to our experience of limit. The followings terms are analyzed: «perceptual» threshold, «absolute» threshold, «terminal» threshold, «differential» threshold. The second part of the article, from section 4 (Il problema del «doppio-limite») to section 7 (Orientarsi al confine. La frontiera: «terra di nessuno») is devoted to the philosophical problem of the «double-limit» and focuses on the following terms: Limes, Terminus, Grenze, Schranke, Limit-phenomena, Surface, Border, Limit-line, Limit-point (Grenzpunkt).