Abstract: Based on the theories of classical psychoanalysis and the Frankfurt School, the aim of this paper is to study the book The Flowers of Evil by Charles Baudelaire as an allegory of a historical and social system that is presented as hostile, based on the description of the city populated with miseries, ruins of an ancient splendor, as a suffocating and criminal atmosphere. Through the study of its poetic images this work shows an embodiment of a deep individual dissatisfaction given by the requirement of renunciation to the instinctive satisfactions that, as manhood moves away from a form of natural existence, emerge under the shape of violence.
Abstract: Today, Spanish political philosophy provides very interesting keyes to understand some of the contemporary political processes as the decline of the West, Europe’s spiritual crisis, the weakness of liberalism and democracy. This paper will try to describe theoretical themes and literature suggestions about the shadow of history thanks to the original thought of some of 20th century most famous philosophers from Spain. First of all Miguel de Unamuno, the father of “tragic sense of life” who proposes an “agonic” philosophical approach to carry better sufferings and the problems of consciousness; then, we will talk about Ortega y Gasset his vital reason and particular way of liberalism; then, Xavier Zubiri, a very frequently forgotten philosopher who shakes up the ontology and epistemology by a new definition of reality; in closing, we will consider Eugenio Trías input on the philosophical analysis of power.
Abstract: Through a comparative analysis of M. Night Shyamalan’s The Village (2004) and Y. Lanthimos’ Kynodontas (2009), this paper aims at highlighting unexpected multiple occurrences of an atypical emotional pattern: in both films, overprotective family bonds result in a totalitarian manipulation of reality, which involves a radical reshaping of knowledge and experience. The analysis focuses particularly on the biopolitical use of language, i.e. on the ‘microphysics of power’ affecting the relationships between the characters.